Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande
Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande (1860-1936) was a dedicated musician and musicologist who made immense contribution to Indian classical music. He was gifted with rare musical talent and intense love for the art from an early age. He learnt the flute, sitar and vocal music from some very eminent gurus like Jairajgir, Raojibua Belbagkar, Ali Husain Khan, Vilayat Hussain Khan and others. His significant achievement is the concept of the ten thats or basic parent scales from which ragas are derived. He is credited for a large number of publications in Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi and English such as Abhinavaragamanjari, Abhinavatalamanjari, Lakshya Sangeetam, the Hindustani Sangeet Paddhati, the Kramik series in 6 volumes, the Swaramalika and Geet Malika series, Grantha sangeetam, Bhavi Sangeetam, A Short Historical Survey of Music, Philosophy of Music, and so on. He also published several ancient music-granthas whose manuscripts he had salvaged during his countrywide tours. Under his inspiration and direction, music colleges sprang up in various places like Baroda, Gwalior, Lucknow, Bombay and Nagpur. Appropriately christened as the "Father of Music Conferences", Pandit Bhatkhande was the life and soul of five consecutive All India Music Conferences held in Baroda, Delhi, Lucknow (twice) and Varanasi. These conferences provided a common platform for interaction of musicians and musicologists from all over the country.